A brownfield site located at Little Springfield Farm (Plaistow Road, Ifold RH14 0PD) was originally proposed to take 6 units as part of the Parish housing allocation, as per the Local Plan, but discounted through the Methodology and Assessment.
However, the Parish recognises the historic B2 / B8 use classes are incompatible with the surrounding countryside, adjacent residential dwellings in Ifold and access to Plaistow Road (the adopted highway). The Parish is keen to see the brownfield site redeveloped in accordance with the encouragement to reuse land effectively that has been previously developed (NPPF paragraph 17). As a result, and subject to viability studies, the use of the site for a mixed use is proposed by a policy within the Draft Pre-Submission Neighbourhood Plan: Policy EE4 – Brownfield Policy. Small, light commercial start-up type units will be encouraged that are not harmful to residential amenity, and live/work units will be encouraged. In relation to a retail outlet, a “farm shop” or rural enterprise type of outlet would be encouraged, possibly related to the light industrial uses.
HISTORY: After a Call for Sites at the Public Consultations held January-February 2016, the landowners of Little Springfield Farm presented their brownfield site to a meeting of the Parish Council (15 March 2016) for consideration in the Neighbourhood Plan. This site was appraised by the Steering Group using Chichester District Council’s SHLAA assessment and evaluated. The revised National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) included an explicit reference to prioritising brownfield land for development. This view is supported by evidence gathered since 2012 which shows Parish residents prefer developing brownfield before greenfield. Proposals for sustainable development on small sites of less than ten units are also strongly supported by national policy. In a consultation on the changes to National Planning Policy, published in December 2015 by the Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG), they noted that the government intended to make clearer that substantial weight should be given to the benefits of using brownfield land for housing (in effect, a form of ‘presumption’ in favour of brownfield land). Therefore, the Steering Group proposed this brownfield site to be brought forward into the Draft Neighbourhood Plan for development of 6 units, which would have less impact on the countryside and adjacent Ancient Woodland.
However, subsequent technical support awarded to the Parish by Locality, a programme partner of DCLG, and delivered by expert planning consultancy AECOM, recommended the site be discounted. The Site Options and Assessment – AECOM (15 Aug 2016) highlighted a 2016 Appeal from a refused 2015 CDC Planning Application and noted the Planning Inspectorate decision (01 Mar 2016). AECOM advised that ‘the NPPF’s approach to sustainable development relates to the document as a whole, meaning that even though it supports the development of brownfield land (as at Little Springfield Farm) in principle, on balance, it would not support new residential development at Ifold due to its lack of services and facilities, as per the conclusions of the recent Appeal Decision. Recognition of this point would mean rethinking the current approach of allocating development equally to Plaistow and Ifold, which, though understandable from the point of view of equality, is not otherwise supported by the evidence and appears contrary to two of the Basic Conditions of neighbourhood planning. It would also enable local residents to understand that, though Little Springfield Farm may be considered sustainable in terms of brownfield land, this consideration is easily outweighed in the national planning system both as a result of its location away from the settlement boundary and by Ifold’s overall lack of sustainability as a location for new growth.‘ This assessment and recommendation was further corroborated in an Opinion from Colin Smith Planning.
The Plan must also meet the identified Parish housing need and that includes an element of affordable housing. Sites of 10 houses or fewer are not required to deliver affordable housing according to CDC, therefore the plan as drafted will deliver 11 houses on one site to ensure this need is met. The brownfield is not in a sustainable location for affordable housing nor considered large enough to deliver 11 houses without impact on the countryside and adjacent Ancient Woodland. The brownfield site was therefore discounted by the Parish due to the reasons noted above and the vulnerability of this allocation to challenge.
- Parish Council Representation CDC SA DPD (26 Jan 2017)
- Colin Smith Planning: Opinion on the AECOM Site Options and Assessment Report (05 Sep 2016)
- AECOM: Plaistow and Ifold – Site Options and Assessment Final Report (15 Aug 2016)
- “PIPC SHLAA notes potential for impact on ancient woodland adjoining; we agree this is a relevant consideration.“;
- “Based on our own independent assessment, and backed up fully by the Inspector at the recent appeal on the site, this site is considered unsuitable for residential development on national and local planning criteria given its location away from the settlement edge, the lack of local services and facilities, and its landscape and visual impact.“;
- “Ifold is fundamentally a less sustainable location for growth than Plaistow in any case, thus rendering both Sites 6 [Little Springfield Farm brownfield] and 4 [Land to the North of Little Springfield Farm] less suitable.“;
- “It would be virtually impossible for any party, including for CDC, to argue that development at Ifold would be justified for as long as there is no shop, school or pub in the village but there is a range of suitable and available sites at nearby Plaistow.”
- Analysis of 2014-15 Planning Application support comments: 29 May 2016
- Steering Group – Housing Development Sites Proposal to Parish Council (26 May 2016)
- SHLAA Little Springfield Farm Brownfield (31 March 2016)
- Minutes of Full Parish Council Meeting (15 March 2016)
- Appeal Decision Notice from the Planning Inspectorate (01 Mar 2016)
- Chichester District Council – Site Allocation Development Plan: Habitat Regulation Assessment (November 2015) Note: Pages 25-26; 37-38; Ebernoe Common SAC Pages 42-47; The Mens SAC Pages 49-52; and Conclusions Page 55 are relevant for Plaistow & Ifold Parish
- CDC Site Allocations DPD – SHLAA IF1501: “Assessed and discounted. The site is separated from the main settlement of Ifold.”
- AECOM Habitat Regulation Assessment (2016) on behalf of CDC – SHLAA IF1501 (page 47): “Disturbance of bat flight lines through development within the north of the Local Plan area“; “The site does have the potential to impact upon Barbastelle and Bechstein flight lines due to the close proximity to the SAC. The site is surrounded by Waphurst [Wephurst] wood to the south of the site with a waterbody situated between the site and the woodland. It is recommended that bat surveys are conducted at this site to determine the use of the site for bat species and mitigation for lighting requirements are implemented. The preservation of features of relevance to commuting bats (along with a suitable buffer) should be possible without significant deliverability implications for the site.“
- Ref. No: 14/04100/FUL Demolition of existing industrial buildings and erection of 3 no. detached dwelling houses with associated landscaping, surfacing, car parking provision and access works.| Status: Refuse
- Appeal Decision Notice from the Planning Inspectorate (01 Mar 2016)
- CDC Case Officer report to CDC Planning Committee (24 June 2015)
- Ref. No: 02/03398/ELD Mixed use of the land and buildings at Little Springfield Farm falling within Classes B2 and B8 of the Use Class Order. | Status: Permit
MAPS / PLANS:
- Little Springfield Farm (Brownfield) site plan
- Little Springfield Farm (Brownfield) aerial 1:1250
- Defra Magic Map – Little Springfield Farm Brownfield
- Flood Risk Map (The Environment Agency)
- The EA Flood Map for Planning (Rivers and Sea)
- Map of the Ifold Settlement Boundary
PHOTOS: Refer to the Photo Plan